The Rams saw their five-match unbeaten run come to an end with the 3-0 reverse at London Road, but with four home matches coming up in November, the manager wants his players to recover quickly from the setback.
Clough told Derby's official website: "We've got a busy month coming up, which we're relishing, and we've been stressing to the players not to drop their heads and feel sorry that the unbeaten run is over.
"Peterborough is gone now and our main focus is on Blackpool and getting another unbeaten run started.
"Everyone enjoyed the fact we were on a nice little run and you could see some of the lads growing in stature, and hopefully they'll want a taste of it again.
"Four home games in six is a great opportunity, but first and foremost we don't want the Peterborough defeat to start a run of losses - like we experienced last season - so it's important we nip that one in the bud as soon as we can."