The visitors dominated for long periods, despite going 2-0 down early on, and Rodgers was particularly incensed by a clash involving Mousa Dembele and Steven Gerrard.
The Reds boss: "We never got the rub of the green tonight. It was a little embarrassing to be honest.
"Two clear penalties. Steven Gerrard - that was bordering on assault, never mind a tackle. It was frightening how we never got the penalty for that. And if you watch, Luis Suarez gets kicked by William Gallas, also."
Rodgers claimed Clint Dempsey also dived in the build-up to Spurs' second goal, and insisted Liverpool should have come away from White Hart Lane with at least a point.
"I thought we were absolutely magnificent," he said. "I don't think we can come here and play any better than that.
"We'd have been disappointed if we'd drawn the game, but to actually lose it was bitterly disappointing for the players because I thought they were absolutely fantastic.
"We started reasonably well but found ourselves 2-0 down very quickly and that can be difficult.
"But you could see the spirit and the reaction of the team for the rest of the game. That was a game that we dominated.
"It was just relentless and some of our play was outstanding, but we were just unfortunate we couldn't at least get the draw."