The 40-year-old has overseen an inconsistent season since succeeding Kenny Dalglish at Anfield last summer.
Regardless of their result in their final game of the season against Queens Park Rangers, Liverpool will finish seventh, but Rodgers believes what he has learned this campaign will hold him and his side in good stead for the future.
"This has been a great learning curve for me this season. I probably needed it this year," he said.
"I've been in football a long time and I came here because of the challenge to get Liverpool back into the top four. It is a monumental challenge but it is the reason I came.
"I knew it was a big ask but it is not until you come in you really understand the total task of what needs to be achieved.
"This is a footballing institution, a worldwide football club, and you are not only managing the on-field stuff you are managing a community here and that is something I am very proud to do.
"I have needed this year to learn the real depths of this club, everything that needs to be done, and I think come the summer we will be in a much better place to put in a sustainable challenge at the top of the table.
"This season will have been a disappointing one for supporters in terms of trophies for them but they will have seen progress."
Rodgers is also keen to improve his squad this summer by recruiting some quality players and has been encouraged by the work done behind the scenes to achieve this.
"The scouts are doing a terrific job: they are leaving no stone unturned in order to get us the players we need to improve," he added.
"There are no bids in for anyone yet but there is a lot of work going on off the field.
"We don't have money to waste, we really have to make sure we are getting the right types of players in.
"If we can do that we can kick on again, but the start point is much better."