The 24-year-old, who completed his move to St James' Park from Monaco on Wednesday, has represented his country at U21 level.
And Riviere believes he can follow his new team-mates Moussa Sissoko and Remy Cabella into Didier Deschamps' senior squad.
"For that too, I signed here. I want to get into the France team,” Riviere said.
"I want to adapt quickly to the Premier League because the Premier League is not Ligue 1. Ligue 1 is different.
"I want to work hard to adapt fast to the Premier League and play at Newcastle."
Riviere insists he had no hesitation in making the move to Newcastle once the club made contact over a proposed transfer.
He said: "When Newcastle phoned me, I said yes directly because Newcastle is a big club with many fans, with a big manager. I said yes directly.
"It was an easy decision, I made my choice quickly. When I was told Newcastle, I said yes directly."