The news will come as a major boost for Fulham manager Martin Jol as he looks to retain several experienced players at the club.
Jol is also hoping to tie down Brede Hangeland, Mark Schwarzer and Giorgos Karagounis on new deals in the near future.
Senderos made the move across London from Arsenal in 2010 and has gone on to make almost 50 appearances for the Cottagers.
"I'm delighted to extend my stay with the Club by a further year," the Switzerland international told the club's official website.
"I've thoroughly enjoyed my time at Fulham so far and I love playing for this Club.
"I'm relishing playing first-team football and I'm confident that we can continue our recent good form and end the season strongly. A top-10 finish is certainly achievable."