The United States international said via Twitter that he will join the Eredivisie club until the end of the season, after failing to secure a UK work permit.
Last week, the Colombian-born forward confirmed his arrival at the Britannia Stadium by tweeting: "There's no other club that has supported and believed in me like @stokecity FC has. #SignedToday - 6 month loan imminent #Europeanfootballer."
Stoke have not officially confirmed the capture of Agudelo, but have offered the former New England Revolution star to several European sides in a bid to get him a work permit.
After reported interest from fellow Dutch team FC Twente, Agudelo ended speculation by tweeting: "Excited to be joining fcutrecht #FCUtrecht on Loan for the rest of the season."
The American is set to be available for Utrecht's Eredivisie match against Roda JC next Saturday.