Mo Farah also doubled-up in the 10,000m and 5,000m to cement his position as one of the world's best athletes, as did Christine Ohuruogu, while off the track the event hit the headlines for the wrong reasons with poor attendances and political problems surrounding new Russian legislation.
Here's our wrap of the World Championships.
Treble joy for Bolt
The self-proclaimed "legend" lived up to his billing in Moscow, adding three more golds to his incredible medal haul. Six days after winning the 100 metres crown, Bolt retained the 200m title for a third successive World Championships. A day later, he led the Jamaican team to 4x100m glory, seeing him join Carl Lewis as the most medalled man in the championships' history.
Farah at the double
Last summer Farah did the Olympic double in his hometown, taking both the 5,000 & 10,000 metres crowns at London 2012. As if that was not enough, he completed the same feat at the Luzhniki Stadium to secure the double-double - something only achieved by the Ethiopian great Kenenisa Bekele.
Isinbayeva on pole
The fine athletics on display over the past nine days has been somewhat overshadowed by the pitiful attendances. It was not until the fourth day that there was any sign of life from the home support, who were brought to their feet when pole vault queen Isinbayeva won a third World Championship crown. However, her ill-advised comments on Russia's anti-gay law have somewhat tarnished that success.
Ohuruogu miracle finish
Ohuruogu became arguably Great Britain's finest female athlete of all time this week, securing a second world crown by four thousandths of a second. Not only did her winning time secure gold but, at 49.41 seconds, she crossed the line in a British record time. The team captain went on to win 4x400m bronze on the penultimate day.
Irish eyes smiling
Robert Heffernan ended Ireland's long wait for success by taking the 50 km race walk title in Moscow. Defeating the Russian challenge in their own back yard, he became the country's first male world champion since Eamonn Coghlan 30 years ago and first of either sex since Sonia O'Sullivan triumphed over 5,000m 18 years ago.
Best of British
In one of the finest moments of a superb nine days, Ohuruogu won 400m gold in the most incredible of circumstances, beating much-fancied defending champion Amantle Montsho to the line by four thousandths of a second. The team captain then helped the 4x400m women win bronze.
Britain's greatest ever athlete? Quite possibly. The 30-year-old completed the double-double in Moscow this week, following up 5,000 and 10,000 metres glory at London 2012 with the same success at the World Championships.
Two 200m personal bests in 10 hours, a sub-20 second run and just missing out on individual bronze in his first global outdoor final - it was quite a World Championships for the 19-year-old footballer-cum-sprinter. Even the indomitable Usain Bolt was taken aback by Gemili's final performance, describing his performance as "outstanding". It was not all good for Gemili, though...
Men's sprint relay
Another year, another failure to get the baton round. The British quartet of Gemili, Harry Aikines-Aryeetey, James Ellington and Dwain Chambers performed admirably at the Luzhniki Stadium, clocking a season's best 37.80secs to win bronze. However, they were later disqualified as the second changeover from Aikines-Aryeetey to Ellington took place out of the designated box, leading to a sixth failure to get the baton round properly in seven major championships.
Just a year on from winning Olympic gold, Rutherford fell short at the first hurdle. Getting the nod ahead of a fully-fit - and rather irritated - Chris Tomlinson, he was unable to repay the selectors' faith, managing a best of 7.87 metres, which was well shy of the 8.35m personal best set last year.
The 25-year-old enjoyed a spectacular rise last year, culminating in winning the European title and bronze at London 2012. However, the high jumper has endured a tough second season and there was no change in fortunes at the Luzhniki Stadium as three failures at 2.32m sent him out of the competition.
Crowds, or the lack of them, became a main talking point throughout the nine days of action, with the morning sessions especially being all-but deserted early on apart from a group of vocal Ukrainian supporters.
Even when Bolt was in action the stadium was not full, despite plunging ticket prices fans could not be persuaded into showing up due to the recent drug problems in the sport and a lack of promotion in and around the Russian city.
Maybe we were spoilt at London 2012 with packed-out athletics sessions and euphoric atmospheres night in, night out, but it did all seem a bit low-key for a World Championship event.
Bolt, Ohuruogu and Farah were the highlights on the track while Isinbayeva's apparent anti-gay comments after winning hit a particular low, even if she did claim to have been misquoted in translation.