The trio are to assist the Under-21 and Under-18 squads at the Kirkby Academy.
"It's great to have Robbie, Steve and Rob on board," Rodgers told the Liverpool Echo.
"I wanted to get more former players involved and over the off-season I spoke to a number of them about a possible role here.
"For me it's so important to have players like that around. These are players who the young guys look up to.
"The three of them have come in recently and I know they have thoroughly enjoyed having that involvement of working with the kids.
"We're starting with the older academy players as they are ones they can really affect at this moment.
"It's both coaching and mentoring."
Rodgers has spoken previously about wanting to utilise the experience of the recently-retired Jamie Carragher, who has opted for a career in television.
The Northern Irishman has immersed himself in the club's history since arriving in the summer of 2012 and will continue to do so.
"Sometimes managers feel the need to distance themselves from players like that but I love what this institution is all about at Liverpool," he added.
"It's important to retain that connection with the history of the club.
"I want to protect that great history to ensure these players get the opportunity to be involved at a club they love."
If Phil Babb had been one of them, we'd have a wave of teenage defenders clobbering their privates against the training ground goalposts.- plughead80