Rowe, Nathaniel Knight-Percival, Daniel Kearns, Craig Alcock and Peter Grant will all leave London Road when their contracts run out in the summer.
Goalkeeper Bobby Olejnik heads the list of players put up transfer along with Joe Day, Nicky Ajose, Nathaniel Mendez-Laing, Charlie Coulson, Michael Richens, Kane Ferdinand, Tyrone Barnett and Shaun Brisley.
Director of football Barry Fry told the club website: 'It is club policy that those players entering the final year of their contracts will be transfer listed."
Olejnik, Rowe, Alcock and Ajose all started Tuesday night's play-off defeat at Leyton Orient which condemned Posh to another season in League One.
Posh have also announced they will be offering new contracts to Mark Little and Danny Swanson.