Courtois has yet to make a first-team appearance for Chelsea since signing from Genk in 2011 and has spent the past three seasons on loan at Atletico Madrid.
The Belgium international helped Atletico to win La Liga on Saturday following a 1-1 draw at Barcelona and he is now preparing for the coming weekend's UEFA Champions League final against city rivals Real.
The 22-year-old will then represent Belgium at the World Cup before a decision is likely to be made on whether he will be in Chelsea's squad for next season.
Reports have claimed that Chelsea boss Jose Mourinho is considering asking current No.1 Petr Cech to play back-up to Courtois and the younger keeper outlined his intention to be playing week in, week out.
"I am not sure yet what happens next season," said Courtois after the draw in the Nou Camp.
"It is a great feeling to be champions of Spain. We have the Champions League final next week and then the World Cup. Now is not the time to think about my future.
"If I move somewhere, I will play. At my age, the most important thing for me, and what I want to do, is to play.
"Petr is one of the best goalkeepers in the world and he won the Golden Glove in the Premier League this season. I have a lot of respect for him.
"I have two years [left on my] contract with Chelsea, so we will see what they decide."
Atletico are reportedly keen to have Courtois back at the Vicente Calderon, but chief executive Miguel Angel Gil Marin has claimed the situation has been complicated by the recent Champions League semi-final meeting between the two clubs.
UEFA ruled that a clause in Courtois' contract that Atletico would have to pay Chelsea a fee in order for the keeper to face his parent club was invalid and Gil Marin is now waiting to see what happens.
Gil Marin said: "What happens with him will be decided after the Champions League final.
"It was all agreed, but the draw bringing us together with Chelsea in the Champions League and the [debate over] payment of the clause put the operation on hold."