Beckford, on loan from Leicester, has been sidelined for two months with a hamstring injury and has yet to make his first appearance for Jamaica with whom he qualifies through family connections.
Robinson, who spent 18 months at Huddersfield before joining Derby in May 2011, returned to Town on loan last month and has made four appearances in his second spell with the Terriers.
He made his only appearance for Jamaica last month when replacing Sheffield Wednesday winger Jermaine Johnson as a substitute in a goalless draw in Mexico.
Jamaica are scheduled to play Panama on March 22 in Kingston before travelling to play Costa Rica at the Estadio Nacional de Costa Rica four days later.
Beckford has missed Huddersfield's last 10 games after suffering a recurrence of a hamstring injury during the 1-0 home win over Crystal Palace in January.