Relegation-threatened Livorno have sacked Domenico Di Carlo after just 88 days in charge and re-appointed Davide Nicola.
Virgil van Dijk claims he knows nothing of interest from English clubs and is keen to prove himself in the Champions League with Celtic.
Garcia, who played for Palermo in Serie A last season but belongs to Chilean club Rangers de Talca, joins Luca Caldirola, who arrived from Inter Milan earlier this summer and plays on the other side of the back four for Bremen.
"We've been able to reach an agreement with all parties, so also with Santiago's former club Palermo," said Bremen's director of sport Thomas Eichin.
"There is nothing blocking him from playing for us now and we're delighted to have such a dynamic defender in our team."
Garcia will have a fortnight to get to know his new team mates due to the international break.
He brings with him the experience of 56 Serie A appearances with Palermo and Novara having played 14 times in Argentina's top division.