Robson completes his suspension after the midfielder was sent off against his former club when United visited Pittodrie two weeks ago.
And defender Anderson will be given another game for the development team before he returns to the first-team squad, following a long-term knee injury.
Aberdeen, who have lost twice to United this season but won the latest encounter 2-0 at Tannadice in December, must win to take the title race into next Sunday’s home game against Celtic.
Fifth placed Dundee United welcome forward Nadir Ciftci back after a suspension for the visit of the Dons.
However, midfielder Calum Butcher will have to sit this match out as he serves a one-game ban.
And Ryan Dow (groin), Paul Paton (knee) and Mario Bilate (hamstring) will all be absent for the remainder of the season.